Nursing Diagnoses: Definitions & Classifications 2021-2023 © NANDA-International, 2021, used by arrangement with Thieme Medical Publishers, Inc. a division of the Thieme Group. All rights reserved. Authorised translation from the English language edition published by Thieme Medical Publishers Inc., Responsibility for the accuracy of the translation rests solely with Bohn Stafleu Van Loghum / Springer Media B.V., Houten, Netherlands, and is not the responsibility of Thieme Medical Publishers Inc. No part of this material may be reproduced in any form without the written permission of the original copyright holder, NANDA-International.

The Nursing Interventions Classification and Nursing Outcomes Classification (“NIC and NOC”) is a copyrighted data base for which all rights, including the copyright, are owned by Elsevier (“Elsevier”). Any and all data bases, documents, instructions or manuals relating to NIC and NOC, produced either by Elsevier or by Bohn Stafleu Van Loghum / Springer Media B.V., Houten, Netherlands under license from Elsevier (to the extent Bohn Stafleu Van Loghum / Springer Media bv, Houten, Netherlands) – produced materials contain NIC and NOC or other Elsevier-owned material), remain the exclusive property of Elsevier. Reproduction or distribution of NIC and NOC or such accompanying materials without the express written consent of Elsevier is prohibited.